AskDefine | Define vehicles

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

vehicles
  1. Plural of vehicle

Extensive Definition

Vehicles are non-living means of transport. They are most often man-made (e.g. bicycles, cars, motorcycles, trains, ships, boats, and aircraft), although some other means of transport which are not made by man can also be called vehicles; examples include icebergs and floating tree trunks.
Vehicles may be propelled by animals, for instance, a chariot or an ox-cart. However, animals on their own, though used as a means of transport, are not called vehicles. This includes humans carrying another human, for example a child or a disabled person.
Vehicles that do not travel on land are often called craft, such as watercraft, sailcraft, aircraft, hovercraft and spacecraft
Land vehicles are broadly classified by what is used to apply steering and drive forces against the ground: wheeled, tracked, railed, and/or skied.
The word vehicle itself comes from the Latin vehiculum.

Bicycle

see Bicycles (see also Vehicular Cycling)
see main article History of the bicycle

Tricycle

see Tricycle

Quadricycle

see Quadricycle

Velomobile

see Velomobile

Electric road carriages

see electric vehicle
see history of the electric vehicle

Steam road carriage

see steam car

Steam tricycle

See steam tricycle
At the other end of the scale much lighter steam vehicles have been constructed such as the steam tricycle from the Comte de Dion in 1887.

Petroleum (gasoline / diesel) motor-carriages

See motor-carriage
See Ford's model T
See Automobile

Road trains

A road train consists of a conventional heavy truck pulling three trailers or more, used in rural areas of Australia to move bulky loads such as livestock efficiently.

The motorcycle

See Motorcycle
See Gottlieb Daimler

Mechanical rail-vehicles

see Trains
see Trams

Mechanical water vehicles

see Boats
see Ships

Mechanical under-water vehicles

see submarines
see submersibles
see diving bells
see diving chambers

Mechanical land and water vehicles

see Amphibious vehicle
see Amphibious ATV
see Hovercraft

Mechanical air vehicles

see aircraft
see Wing-In-Ground effect vehicle

Mechanical snow vehicles

see snowmobile

Types of vehicles

Legislation

European Union

In the European Union the classifications for vehicle types are defined by :
  • Commission Directive 2001/116/EC of 20 December 2001, adapting to technical progress Council Directive 70/156/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers
  • Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheeled motor vehicles and repealing Council Directive 92/61/EEC
European Community, is based on the Community's WVTA (whole vehicle type-approval) system. Under this system, manufacturers can obtain certification for a vehicle type in one Member State if it meets the EC technical requirements and then market it EU-wide with no need for further tests. Total technical harmonization has already been achieved in three vehicle categories (passenger cars, motorcycles and tractors) and will soon be extended to other vehicle categories (coaches and utility vehicles). It is essential that European car manufacturers be ensured access to as large a market as possible.
While the Community type-approval system allows manufacturers to benefit fully from the opportunities offered by the internal market, worldwide technical harmonization in the context of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) offers them a market which extends beyond European borders.

USA

Acronyms and abbreviations

See also

portalpar Automobile
Main: List of basic vehicle topics

References

vehicles in Bengali: যানবাহন
vehicles in Czech: Dopravní prostředek
vehicles in Danish: Køretøj
vehicles in German: Fahrzeug
vehicles in Estonian: Sõiduk
vehicles in Spanish: Vehículo
vehicles in French: Véhicule
vehicles in Croatian: Vozilo
vehicles in Indonesian: Kendaraan
vehicles in Hebrew: כלי תחבורה
vehicles in Kanuri: 차량
vehicles in Latin: Vehiculum
vehicles in Lithuanian: Transporto priemonė
vehicles in Lingala: Ekúmbi
vehicles in Norwegian: Kjøretøy
vehicles in Norwegian Nynorsk: fargreie
vehicles in Polish: Pojazd
vehicles in Portuguese: veículo
vehicles in Romanian: Vehicul
vehicles in Simple English: Vehicle
vehicles in Slovak: Vozidlo
vehicles in Slovenian: vozilo
vehicles in Swedish: Fordon
vehicles in Thai: ยานพาหนะ
vehicles in Vietnamese: Xe
vehicles in Chinese: 车辆
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